Legal highs and chemsex drugs targeted in new strategy

Legal highs

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New legislation to tackle “legal highs” was introduced last year

So-called legal highs and chemsex drugs will be targeted in a government move aimed at cutting illicit drug use.

The number of adults taking the drugs has fallen from 10.5% to 8% in the past decade, the Home Office said, but related deaths have risen sharply.

The strategy will target psychoactive substances, performance-enhancing drugs and the misuse of prescribed medicines.

Drugs charities praised the strategy’s focus on recovery, but raised concerns that budget cuts could affect delivery.

The new strategy will apply in England, with some parts also affecting the rest of the UK.

‘Emerging substances’

New psychoactive substances (NPS), formerly known as legal highs, mimic the effects of other drugs, such as cannabis.

Last year, laws were introduced to criminalise the production, distribution, sale and supply of them, but they still fall into the hands of users.

Chemsex – using drugs as part of sexual activity – often involves crystal methamphetamine, GHB/GBL and mephedrone.

Government studies show the practice increases health risks, both mentally and physically, including aiding the spread of blood borne infections and viruses.

It comes as the number of drug deaths in England and Wales increased by 10.3% to 2,479 in 2015, 14.9% in 2014 and 19.6% in 2013.

Analysis

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By Danny Shaw, BBC home affairs correspondent

In December 2010, with Home Office priorities centred on police reform and immigration, the last government drug strategy felt like a box-ticking exercise. Just 25 pages long, it contained little detail or original thinking and just one paragraph on the problem that was later to engulf prisons, legal highs.

The theme of the last strategy was supporting people to live a “drug-free life”; it emphasised the need for “abstinence” and said too many users were reliant on drug-substitute treatments such as methadone.

The 2017 strategy makes no mention of abstinence or limiting methadone use, but it is setting more demanding and wide-ranging measurements of treatment success.

At double the length of the previous document, there is a sense that the Home Office is more focused on the issue than before, prompted perhaps by the recent rise in drug deaths and the need to prevent a new generation of drug users sparking a fresh crime-wave.

The strategy will launch a new intelligence system to identify the harm drugs can cause and to stop their use spreading.

The scheme will also aim to strengthen border controls, learn from global trends and share intelligence on the substances with other countries.

The Home Office’s new focus on recovery will also include a national “champion” to look into helping recovering users find homes and jobs, and to help with their mental health – as well as checking on the success of medical treatments.

Home Secretary Amber Rudd, who will chair a new cross-government drug strategy board, said she was “determined to confront the scale of this issue and prevent drug misuse devastating our families and communities”.

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The chief executive of the drug treatment campaign Collective Voice, Paul Hayes, said: “The government’s recognition that evidence-based treatment, recovery, and harm reduction services need to be at the heart of our collective response to drug misuse is very welcome.

Harry Shapiro, director of online advice service Drugwise, also welcomed the shift in the government’s focus – but said he was concerned about a lack of funding.

He told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme: “It has shifted from the 2010 strategy [when] there was an emphasis that recovery from addiction was just about abstinence.

“Anyone working in the sector knew that that wasn’t the case, because if you are going to recover, you have got to have something to recover to.

“The government has recognised that more needs to be done in that area, but it all has to be delivered at a local level and local authorities are struggling with budgets, drug services are suffering from cuts.

“It is going to be actually quite hard to deliver effectively.”

UK breakdown

The UK’s devolved governments have control of their own strategies to tackle drug and alcohol misuse, so most of the plan only applies in England – including healthcare, education, housing and social care.

Areas relating to the police and criminal justice will also apply in Wales.

The National Police Chiefs’ Council’s lead for drugs, Commander Simon Bray said: “Drugs are the root cause behind countless burglaries, thefts and robberies, and are often associated with anti-social behaviour and public concern.”

He said the police “will play our part” in delivering the plan.

Legal highs and chemsex drugs targeted in new strategy

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